The North Rhine-Westphalian district of Wesel, is Germany’s lightning capital of 2016. The lightning information service by Siemens (BLIDS) registered there in the past year, a 4.1 lightning strikes per square kilometer. On place two and three, the Bavarian city of Aschaffenburg and of the North Rhine-Westphalian district of Borken, each with around a 3.8.
The lowest lightning density recorded in Flensburg and Frankfurt, Or with 0.2 and Fürth, in Bavaria, with around 0.3. Overall, the number of lightning strikes decreased to 431.644. This is significantly less than in 2015, when about 550.000 impacts have been identified. This is the lowest level of lightning strikes since 1999.
“In the year 2016, in Germany there were remarkably few lightning strikes,” said Stephan Thern, head of the lightning information service from Siemens. “The main reason for this is that in normally, flash August to have a few Thunderstorms. With the district of Wesel – a actually flash poor Region, we have once again a surprise winner: This was due to a few, but very violent storms in may and June, at which a majority of the flashes are in the district smashed in.“
“The district of Wesel lies in the lower Rhine Region full of contrasts: On the one hand, a highly developed industrial sector and on the other a close-to-nature environment. In the formation of a thunderstorm collide also against rates, hence the distinction as the “lightning capital” fits quite good to us. In addition, always something going on in the district of Wesel and sunshine there is here, of course! It is worth working here to live and to invest,“ said district administrator Dr. Ansgar Müller.
Not less surprising is that Hamburg occupies the ground and around 1.7 lightning strikes per square kilometer the first place among the provinces. Reason fewer, but more intense Thunderstorms were also here.
In the long-term comparison, from 1999 to 2016, the Bavarian rural districts continue to Garmisch-Partenkirchen with 4.2 and Berchtesgadener Land with 3.8 lightning kilometers were per square up front. There tend to be in the southern German States such as Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg are particularly many lightning strikes, while in Schleswig-Holstein rather few. This depends on the respective temperatures and the great weather. To accurately predict lightning. “Together with our Partner, the Swiss weather service Meteomatics, we are working in the course of storms more accurately predict,” says Stephan Thern. “In the meantime, we can offer customers a solution that we through the observation of lightning activity and other weather parameters, the direction of the thunderstorm cell can be calculated. This allows for a certain thunderstorm fronts a short prediction.“
A key role the Fort plays of digitisation, in particular, the rapidly increased computing and storage capacities, faster data transmission and more efficient Algorithms for data evaluation. As a result, the 1991-established lightning information system is always faster and more precise. To capture the flashes of the service uses around 160 connected measuring stations in Europe and is in charge of the measurement network in Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Poland, Benelux, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. “While it used to take up to 30 seconds, until the information to a lightning strike in the System available goods, it now takes just ten,” said Stephan Thern. “Today, we can determine, approximately half of the flashes to better than 100 meters.” The faster and more precise the data are, the higher is the protection for people, industrial installations and infrastructure. It BLIDS also uses the mind sphere, the cloud-based, open IoT operating system of Siemens to customers with the flash data on your PCs and mobile devices.